Weekly Shabbat Readings

Notes on Readings
Notes on Lunar Calendar
Divre Torah (Commentaries on Readings)


Torah Haftarah
Bereshit: Gen. 1.1-6.8

Noah: Gen. 6.9-11.32

Lekh Lekha: Gen. 12.1-17.27

Wayera: Gen. 18.1-22.24

Haye Sarah: Gen. 23.1-25.18

Toledot: Gen. 25.19-28.9

Wayetze: Gen. 28.10-32.3

Wayishlah: Gen. 32.4-36.43

Wayeshev: Gen. 37.1-40.23

Miketz: Gen. 41.1-44.17

Wayigash: Gen. 44.18-47.27

Wayehi: Gen. 47.28-50.26

Shemot: Exo. 1.1-6.1

Wa'era: Exo. 6.2-9.35

Bo': Exo. 10.1-13.16

Beshalah: Exo. 13.17-17.16

Yitro: Exo. 18.1-20.23

Mishpatim: Exo. 21.1-24.18

Terumah: Exo. 25.1-27.19

Tetzaveh: Exo. 27.20-30.10

Kiy Tissa: Exo. 30.11-34.35

Wayakhel: Exo. 35.1-38.20

Pekude: Exo. 38.21-40.38

Wayyiqra: Levit. 1.1-5.26

Tzaw: Levit. 6.1-8.36

Shemini: Levit. 9.1-11.47

Tazria: Levit. 12.1-13.59

Metzora: Levit. 14.1-15.33

Ahare Mot: Levit. 16.1-18.30

Qedoshim: Levit. 19.1-20.27

Emor: Levit. 21.1-24.23

Behar: Levit. 25.1-26.2

Behukotai: Levit. 26.3-27.34

Bemidbar: Num. 1.1-4.20

Naso: Num. 4.21-7.89

Beha'alotekha: Num. 8.1-12.16

Shelah: Num. 13.1-15.41

Qorah: Num. 16.1-18.32

Hukkat: Num. 19.1-22.1

Balak: Num. 22.2-25.9

Pinhas: Num. 25.10-30.1

Mattot: Num. 30.2-32.42

Mase: Num. 33.1-36.13

Devarim: Deut. 1.1-3.22

Wa'et'Hanan: Deut. 3.23-7.11

Ekev: Deut. 7.12-11.25

Re'Eh: Deut. 11.26-16.17

Shoftim: Deut. 16.18-21.9

Kiy Tetze: Deut. 21.10-25.19

Kiy Tavo: Deut. 26.1-29.8

Nitzavim: Deut. 29.9-30.20

Wayyelekh: Deut. 31.1-30

Ha`azinu: Deut. 32.1-52


Isaiah 42.5-43.10 (S'fardi ritual: Isaiah 42.5-21)

Isaiah 54.1-55.5 (S'fardi ritual: Isaiah 54.1-10)

Isaiah 40.27-41.16

II Kings 4.1-37 (S'fardi ritual: II Kings 4.1-23)

I Kings 1.1-31

Malachi 1.1-2.7

Hosea 12.13-14.10 (Optional addition: Micah 7.18) (S'fardi ritual: Hosea 11.7-12.12)

Obadiah 1.1-21 (Optional substitution: Hosea 11.7-12.12)

Amos 2.6-3.8

I Kings 3.15-4.1

Ezekiel 37.15-28

I Kings 2.1-12

Isaiah 27.6-28.13, 29.22-23 (S'fardi ritual: Jeremiah 1.1-2.3).

Ezekiel 28.25-29.21

Jeremiah 46.13-28

Judges 4.4-5.31 (S'fardi ritual: Judges 5.1-31)

Isaiah 6.1-7.6, 9.5-6 (S'fardi ritual: 6.1-13)

Jeremiah 34.8-22, 33.25-26

I Kings 5.26-6.13

Ezekiel 43.10-27

I Kings 18.1-39 (S'fardi ritual: I Kings 18.20-39)

I Kings 7.40-50 (S'fardi ritual: I Kings 7.13-26)

I Kings 7.51-8.21 (S'fardi: substitute I Kings 7.40-50)

Isaiah 43.21-44.23

Jeremiah 7.21-8.3, 9.22-23

II Samuel 6.1-7.17 (S'fardi ritual: II Samuel 6.1-19)

II Kings 4.42-5.19

II Kings 7.3-20

Ezekiel 22.1-19 (S'fardi ritual: Ezekiel 22.1-16)

Amos 9.7-15 (S'fardi ritual: Ezekiel 20.2-20)

Ezekiel 44.15-31

Jeremiah 32.6-27

Jeremiah 16.19-17.14

Hosea 2.1-22

Judges 13.2-25

Zechariah 2.14-4.7

Joshua 2.1-24

I Samuel 11.14-12.22

Judges 11.1-33

Micah 5.6-6.8

I Kings 18.46-19.21

Jeremiah 1.1-2.3

Jeremiah 2.4-28, 3.4, 4.1-2 (S'fardi ritual: Jeremiah 2.4-28, 4.1-2).

Isaiah 1.1-27

Isaiah 40.1-26

Isaiah 49.14-51.3

Isaiah 54.11-55.5

Isaiah 51.12-52.12

Isaiah 54.1-10

Isaiah 60.1-22

Isaiah 61.10-63.9

Isaiah 55.6-56.8

II Samuel 22.1-51








Note on Readings

The readings above, are based on completing the Torah in a year, being sections called Parashot. This system was implemented by Babylonian community of early common era Judaism. Each parashah is called after the first few words of the section (in a manner to naming biblical books). To each of these, a section from the Nevi'im, a haftarah ("completion") follows. (Haftarot are not included in most Bibles. A umash is an edition that includes them.) There are 54 parashot. Although it is redundant, in the translation included on this site, each parashah is shown with three pe or samek characters:

pe.gif (147 bytes)pe.gif (147 bytes)pe.gif (147 bytes)or  smk.gif (897 bytes)smk.gif (897 bytes)smk.gif (897 bytes)

In an older system, the Torah was read in three to three and a half years as divided into 154 or 167 sedarim. This was used in Yisra'el. Sedarim are marked with a ornamental oversized samek:

sid.gif (925 bytes)

In addition, I thought it would more accurate and interesting to include paragraph marks from the Masorah. These marks are a single pe or a samek (shown above respectively) for petuah or setumah type paragraphs.




Biblical Lunar Calendar Months

Biblical months are actually lunations based on first visible new moon crescents. Even though they are now calculated mostly by new moon conjunctions, the visible crescent establishes Ros odes (head of the month). Day periods begin at sunset. The lunar months do not always correspond to the Gregorian (Western) months as shown below, and there will be some variation in some years. And, by observing below, the biblical year does not coincide with the Western year. It also has two "new years." Actually, the first month is Aviv, but, traditionally, Judaism begins reckoning the new year with the seventh month!

Because the lunar year has only a little over 354 days, a second twelth month (We'Adar) is added every few years to catch up to the solar year. Months were originally counted then took agricultural and seasonal references like: Aviv -of green ears of barley; tanm -of flowing streams; Bul -produce. These are Canaanite (Can.) names. Later, during and after the captivities, Babylonian (Bab.) names came to be used.

Number Name Can. Bab. Gregorian Equivalent
1   Aviv Nisan March/ April
2 Iyyar Ziw   April/ May
3     Siwan May/ June
4 Tammuz     June/ July
5 Av     July/ August
6     Elul August/ September
7 Tishri tanm   September/ October
8 Marcheswan Bul   October/ November
9     Kislew November/ December
10     Tebet December/ January
11     Shebat January/ February
12     Adar February/ March


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Sunday, November 05, 2000