a defective expression in 1QpHab, xi.6 connected with the arrest/ destruction of the
Righteous Teacher. while obscure and usually translated "House of his Exile", it
most likely has a different meaning altogether relating to the Wicked Priest's judicial
conspiracy to destroy the Righteous Teacher, i.e., "he pursued (after) the
Righteous Teacher to destroy him in his hot anger in his Beit-Galut "-meaning,
"his Beit-din "/"Beit-Mishpat "/"his Guilty Trial".
In fact, as we show, it probably relates to "the High Priest's House" where the
Sanhedrin was "exiled" from the Temple Mount in the days preceding the Uprising
stories, parables, folklore
(lit. chained) a woman who cannot remarry; usually because her husband refuses to give her
a get (divorce), because there is no way to verify whether or not he is dead, or because
he is incompetent to give a divorce (i.e., mentally ill)
Love. 'Ohev shalom, lover of peace. 'Ahavat Torah, love for the Torah.
echad /yahad. "One, single, alone" /"union, community."
Aharonim/ Dor ha-Aharon
the Last/Last Generation; the opposite of ha-Rishonim, the First. Just as the First
Covenant was associated with "the Rishonim", the New Covenant was
associated with "the Aharonim" of the Last Times; note how Paul refers to
himself as "last" in I Co 15:8, a nuance not lost in New Testament parodies of
the expression, cf. also ha-Ketz ha-Aharon (the Last Era or Last End) and Aharit
ha-Yamim (the Last Days).
"People"/"Peoples". In the Habakkuk Pesher and Damascus
Document referring to people-primarily Gentiles-"led astray" by a guilty
Establishment and its "ways" (cf. CD, viii.8, 16, and 47 and 1QpHab, viii.5, 11,
and ix.5). Particularly the plural has the sense of "Herodians", i.e., "the
Kings of the Peoples" (CD, viii.10); cf. also "Yeter ha-'Amim"- "the
Additional Ones of the Gentiles" for Romans below.
"works", 'amalam, "their works"; equivalent to "suffering
works" or "works with soteriological force" as per the usage in Is 53:1
If-where it occurs in conjunction with other familiar Qumranisms, such as "Da'at';
"Rabbim'; "nephesh'; "Zaddik", etc.). In 1QpHab, viii.2 and x.12,
used in relation to both "Jamesian" works and "Pauline" works, the
former (with "amanatam" below) in the context of eschatological exegesis
of Hab 2:4; the latter, the "empty works" of "the Liar"/"Empty
"their Faith". A pregnant expression in 1 QpHab, viii.2 found together with "'amatam"
in the exegesis of Hab 2:4's "the Righteous shall live by his Faith" and
interpreted to mean, their Faith in the Righteous Teacher; in il.2 and ii.4 the usage he'eminu
("believed"/"did not believe") is an ironic reference to the
central focus of the teaching of the 'Man of Lying"/"Scoffing".
"stand up"/"standing"; usually translated in Qurnran texts as
"come"/"coming", but evoking Ezek 37:10's "they stood up"
and carrying something of the connotation of "be resurrected"; cf. precisely
this use in Dan 12:13 and its reflection in Lam. R., ii.3.6. Found in the Damascus
Document both in the context of eschatological exegesis of the Zadokite Covenant and
allusion to the Messianic return; for the latter, see also Lam. R, intro, xxiv,
applying this usage to the "return of Moses and the Patriarchs". There is also a
direct relationship with "the Standing One" in Jewish
Christian/Elkasaite/Ebionite ideology directly related too to the idea of "the Primal
Adam" in these traditions.
(pl. 'Aniyyim), also 'Anayyei-Aretz "the Meek" or
"Downtrodden"; one of the sect's several interchangeable forms of
self-designation. The equivalent of similar New Testament allusions; used synonymously
with "Ebionim"/ "the Poor", and "Dallim".
Men of Violence"; a synonym of 'Aritzim /`Aritzei-Go'im below and most likely
"the Men of War" in CD, viii.37---"who walked with the Man of Lying".
In 1QpHab, viii.11 the allusion is to the guilty "Riches", which the Wicked
Priest "collects" through them.
the Men of Piety or Pious Ones equivalent to the "Hassidim"; mistranslated
as "Famous Men" in Ecclesiasticus.
"the Men of Perfect Holiness"; equivalent to such other Qumran usages
characterizing communal membership as "the Men of Perfect Holiness" or the
'Perfection of Holiness" ('Anshei-Tamim ha-Qodesh), "the Perfect of the
Way" (Tamimei-Derek), and "the Poor Ones of Piety" (Ebionei
Hesed); cf. Paul on "Perfection of Holiness" in 2 Co 7:1. Probably meant to
imply Perfect Naziritism.
"the Violent Ones"; connected in 1QpHab, il.6 and l0f. with "the Man of
Lying", and "Covenant-Breakers"; cf. the parallel New Testament expression
'Men of Violence" and the "Anshei-(H)amas" /" 'Amim" above.
"the Violent Ones of the Gentiles"; in 4QpPs 37, li.20 and iv.10 they play an
analogous role to Josephus' "Idumacans" and "pay back" the Wicked
Priest for his destruction of the Righteous Teacher.
The "ark" or chest that served as a repository for the tablets inscribed with
the Ten Principles and the Rod of Aharon.
Unrighteousness, Evil or Sinning; sometimes translated as "Lying" as in
"the township on Lying" erected by the Liar in 1QpHab, x.6 or the imagery of
work in the sense of "service" or "mission". To be distinguished from
the mote soteriological "'amal" above and "ma'aseh"/"ma'asim"
below. Often used when discussing the "mission" or "service" of
the Liar (cf. 'avodot-shawo---worthless work; lQpHab, x.11 and 'avodot-tum'ah
---work of pollution; 1QS iv.10) and those breaking off association with him in CD,
viii.30, 1QS, vili.22, and ix.8; see also le'ovdam, serving them (i.e., serving
idols) in 1QpHab, xii.14.
sin, transgression of Elohim's will.