evening; the evening prayer service.
"reject"/"deny"/"speak derogatorily about"; a catchword for
the legal posture of "the Lying Spouter" and those of his "Assembly"
or "persuasion"; in 1QpHab, v.11f. the former "rejected" the Torah in
the midst of their whole Assembly" or "Church". Cf. the parallel, more
general, use in i.10, 1QS, iii.5f., and CD, vii.9, viii.18f., and 31f.
stringent; one who observes a chumrah (stringency)
The aliyah consisting of the last few lines of the Torah reading, or the person assigned
that aliyah. The person assigned the maftir aliyah also chants Haftarah.
a person born from a prohibited union (i.e., from an incestuous or adulterous union).
ma`asim tovim [ma`1c9m]
"works"/"their works"; generally "works of the Law,"
paralleling the usage in the Letter of James and the use of " 'amal" in
1QpHab and Is 53:11. Also used with inverted sense as in 1QpHab, x.11f.'s the Liar's
"instructing them in Lying works" (ma'asei-Sheker) and 1QS, iv.23's "ma`asei-Remiyyah",
"Works of Deceit"; also see "ma'asei-To'evot' in 1QpHab, xii.8.
"Protection" or "Shield"; in 1QH, vii.8ff and 23ff. related to
"Fortress", "strengthening", 'building", "Wall",
"Foundations", "Stone", and "Cornerstone" imagery; it
parallels the "Oblias "/"Protection"/'Bulwark" allusion
applied to James in early Church testimony and related to "Stone" and
"pillar" imagery in the New Testament generally.
(Aramaic, lit. master of the place) the local rabbi, whose decision carries the force of
law in that locality.
the way something appears (i.e. wearing a kipah in a treif resturant)
mashgiach (pl. mashgichim)
ritual supervisor of kashrut who watches/supervises on the premises for dietary
supervision of ingredients, food preparation, serving, dishes and cutlery, etc.
Mashiach, (Moshiach) [Mas9)h]
Mattif/ Mattif ha-Kazav
"the Spouter"/"Pourer Out of Lying"; a variation of the "Ish
ha-Kazav" (the Man of Lying) and the "Ish ha-latzon" (the Man of
Jesting/Scoffing/Comedian) imagery at Qumran, incorporating plays on what appear to have
been his characteristic activities, "pouting out" words or waters--even perhaps
speaking with his "Tongue" or "in tongues"--- and "Lying".
division; a barrier separating men from women in the synagogue.
"Covenant-Breakers"; synonymous with "the Bogdim"/"House of
Absalom" in 1QpHab, ii.1ff. and v.8ff, and related to the "breaking" charge
in Ezek 44:7ff. and Ja 2:10ff. The opposite of 1QS, v.2ff's "Sons of Zadok" as
an interpretation; a story that fills in gaps in the Torah narrative, or answers questions
about the narrative; (when capitalized) any of several volumes of such stories compiled by
rabbis of the Talmudic era.
"Tower"/ "Fortress"/ "Bulwark"; in 1QH, vii. 8ff. applied
together with the language of "Strength", "Stone", "Wall",
"Cornerstone", "Building" and "Foundations" imagery to the
person of the Righteous Teacher.
the afternoon prayer service.
quorum of 10 needed for a rabbinic public prayer service
"The One Who Blessed", a blessing recited on someone else's behalf, usually
after a Torah reading, often for one who has had an aliyah, or for one who is ill. It
begins "May the One who blessed our ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Sarah,
Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah, bless ... who has...."
the early core of the Talmud, consisting primarily of case law decisions
(not capitalized) one unit, typically a single sentence or short paragraph, in the Mishna
mishpat (pl. mishpatim)
law from the Torah that can be rationalized.
"Judgement"; used in 1QpHab, v.4ff. in conjunction with "Beit
ha-Mishpat" above; expressive of that Judgement God would make by "the hand
of His Elect" (i.e., "the Bnei-Zadok" in CD, iv.3ff.) on all Gentiles and
backsliding Jews; cf. "Beit ha-Mishpat" above, "Yom
ha-Mishpat" below, and 1QS, iv.4's "qin'at Mishpetei-Zedek" ("zeal
for the Judgements of Righteousness"-the opposite of 1QpHab, ix.1's "Mishpat
commandment; not "good deed" in Hebrew, but has come to mean that in Yiddish,
especially among more secular people.
Moreh-Zedek/ Moreh ha-Zedek
the "Righteous Teacher" or "the Teacher of Righteousness".