The Bible; or Trj, Nbm, Ktbm; or Miqr 1

The Bible is divided into three parts.
jrwt Traj  (Torah)
my'ybn Nbm (Nevi'im)
mybwtk Ktbm  (Ketuvim)

The first letters of each build an acronym, TNK (or TN"K), that is, Tanak. The word Miqra' refers to the fact that people assembled to hear the Tanak (Law and Prophets) read publicly (from qr' "to call" or "to summon [a convocation]") and is used to refer to the Bible. Variations you will see in reference to the Tanak and Miqra' might include: Tenach, Tanach, Tanakh or Mikra.

jrwt Trj
Called Meaning Others 2 Meaning Common Spelling Sugestion
Brt At the beginning... Genesis birth, beginning B'reshiyt
Wllej mt (And these) Names... Exodus going out Shemot
Wayyiqr And he said... Leviticus of Levites Wayyiqra'
Bmidbar In the wilderness... Numbers numbers B'midvar
Dbrm Words... Deuteronomy second law Devarim

my'ybn Nbm

Nbm Rinm -Former Prophets

Called Meaning Others C.S.S
Yj (Yahshua) "Yah is salvation" Joshua Y'hoshua
fm ("Judges") " Judges Shofetim
ml "El heard" Samuel (1 & 2) Sh'mu'el
Mlkm (Kings) " Kings (1 & 2) Melekim

Nbm Arnm -Latter Prophets

Yayj "Yah is savior" Isaiah Yeshayah
Yirmyj "Yah is exalted" Jeremiah Yirmeyah
Yezql "El makes strong" Ezekiel Yekizq'el
nm r -The Twelve
Ja "saved" Hosea Hoshe`a
Yl "Yah is El[ohim]" Joel Yo'el
mc "burdened" Amos `Amos
badyj "servant (of) Yah" Obadiah `Ovadyah
Ynj "dove" Jonah Yonah
Mk[y]j[] "Who is like Yah?" Micah Mika
Nam "consolation" Nahum Nahum
Jbaqqq "held, embraced" Habakkuk Havaqquq
fanyj "Yah has hidden away" Zephaniah Tsefanyah
aggay "of celebration" Haggai Haggay
Zkaryj "Yah remembers" Zechariah Zekaryah
Malk "my messenger" Malachi Mal'aki

mybwtk Ktbm
Called Meaning Others Meaning C.S.S.
Tjillm Praises Psalms "harp songs" Tehillim
yb Hated One(?) Job " `Iyov
Mil Sayings Proverbs " Mishlay
Rt "satiated? friend?" Ruth " Rut
r Jrm Song of Songs... " " Shir Hashirim
Qjelet Assembler Ecclesiastes "preacher" Qohelet
kj How...?! Lamentations "mourning songs" `Eykah
Estr "star"
Esther " 'Ester
Dnyl "my judge is El" Daniel " Dani'el
Ezr-Nemyj "helper"-
"Yah comforts"
" `Ezra-Nehemyah
Dibr Jayymm "accounts of days" Chronicles I & II " Divray Hayyamim A/B

or 1/2


1 "Collection" 2 These are the English stylings, of course; cp. other languages. Overall, there was 1) an attempt to translate many of the Hebrew titles; 2) names were attempts at transliteration to languages that just do not have the same phonetic values. (Ever pronounce - h for a Westerner? Phlegmatic taunts usually follow.) It is interesting that at one time in English, including the time period of the King James version (1611), "J" or "V" sounds were not used. These same are absent from Latin, Greek, and biblical Hebrew. In the KJV 1611 one sees Ieremiah, Iesus, Iohn, Dauid, and Iehouah (sic). And indeed, these have Y and W sounds, which as you have seen above (see also Names), give names much closer to their original Hebrew forms.

Related subjects
Weekly Readings (Parashah) for the Torah
Is the "Bible" "inerrant"?
Is the "Bible" inspired?
Is this all of the "Bible"?(Biblical Authority)
Transliteration of Hebrew used

Copyright 1997/5757 Shemayah ben-Avraham